Circular economy comes from the idea of "circularity", in contrast with the "linearity" of the current economic model: linearity considers and manages resources on the unidirectional line from extraction - production - distribution - consumption - disposal. On the contrary, the circular model uses resources in a more efficient way, keeping them in the economic cycle as long as possible, through reuse and recycling.
Following this concept, waste is minimized and the life cycle concept is introduced.
Circular economy starts at the very beginning of a product's life, since both the design phase and production processes have an impact on sourcing, resource use and waste generation throughout its life.
In December 2015, Europe launched an action plan in order to:
For over 20 years RINA has developed its skills and expertise in the environment and greenhouse gases, life cycle analyses, energy efficiency and sustainability fields concerning organisations, products, services, processes and systems.
RINA offers certification and conformity assessment services to public and private organisations committed to sustainability, environmental protection and fight against climate change.
Our services help to foster a sustainable, low carbon, resource efficient and competitive economy, and they include, for example:
The certification of biofuels and bioliquids sustainability certifies the traceability, sustainability and plausibility of biomass waste and residues, intermediate products and biofuels and bioliquids from waste and residues. Thanks to our certification, these advanced materials can be used to achieve the 2009/28/EC Directive goals and they can give additional benefits. RINA is accredited/recognised for 4 certification schemes.
Inspections on solid biomass suppliers attest the traceability and sustainability of biomass supplied to power plants.
The European program ETV - Environmental Technologies Verification certifies the environmental performance of technologies, products and processes, to increase the credibility of these technologies on the market and to allow users and buyers to compare and identify the eco-innovations that are appropriate to their needs. This service is mentioned in the Communication COM (2015) 614 final of 2015 on the circular economy.
The End of Waste Certification and the solid secondary fuels certification (UNI 15358) certify the suitability for the recovery and reuse respectively of glass scrap, copper and metal scrap and secondary solid fuels.
Validation of technical models to measure the products/services/solutions/organizations level of circularity and certification of products/services/solutions/organizations for compliance with the requirements defined by validated models.
Verification of the circularity level of organizations in compliance to the requirements defined by the Enel x CE client tool model to assess clients' energy and corporate circularity,
Rating on the sustainable procurement processes of organizations and 2nd party audits on suppliers to verify the application of the sustainable procurement process.
Collaboration in the creation of digital platforms on circularity that involve different players, i.e. waste and residues producer , transporters, plants and users of wastes, residues and secondary raw materials.
Involvement in many European projects funded within the schemes offered by the European Commission (eg Horizon 2020, FP7 and others) on the circular economy.