ETS - Emission trading system

Verification and validation of the annual communication of GHG emissions

The European Emission Trading Directive applies to energy activities (combustion of fuels for energy purposes, petroleum refining, coke production), production and processing of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, the mineral products industry, the paper industry, the chemical industry, the capture, transport and storage of greenhouse gases (GHG), and air transport.
ETS is a flexible mechanism that follows the cost-effectiveness and economy criteria, for the exchange of greenhouse gas emission allowances within the European Union.

Legal Framework

The ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by the EU and the Member States led to the publication of the European Emission Trading Directive (2003/87/EC). Since 1 January 2005, European companies falling within the scope of the Directive are obliged to calculate their CO2 emissions and submit annual reports.
For the plants and facilities, the Directive provides the following:

Audit procedure


RINA is the EU ETS Verifier accredited by ACCREDIA (Accreditation Certificate No 002 O).
The accreditation covers all areas with the sole exclusion of geological capture and storage of greenhouse gases and production of nitric acid, adipic acid, glyoxal, glyoxylic acid and caprolactam.


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